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RECAPITULARE FINALĂ - GRILE GRATUITE

Present Simple

Present Tense Simple.  Grammar box

AFFIRMATIVE : NEGATIVE:
 INTERROGATIVE:
S+V (+s / es III sg.) S+do / does+not +V Do / Does+S+V?
AFFIRMATIVE : NEGATIVE:
 INTERROGATIVE:
  
Ng. Long  form
 

Ng. Short form
  
I read I do not read
 I don´t read Do I read?
You read You do not read
 You don´t read Do you read?
He reads He does not read
 He doesn´t read Does he read?
She reads She does not read
 She doesn´t read Does she read?
It reads It does not read
 It doesn´t read Does it read?
We read We do not read
 We don´t read Do we read?
You read You do not read
 You don´t read Do you read?
They read They do not read
 They don´t read Do they read?


RULE

EXAMPLE
Most verbs take –s
in the third person singular.
I write – he writes
Verbs ending in  -ss, -ch,- sh, -x, -o add –es. 
I miss – he misses I watch – he watches I brush – he brushes I mix – he mixes I go – he goes
Verbs ending in a consonant+y
drop the  y and take–ies.
I try – he tries
Verbs ending in vowel +y
simply take –s.
I play – he plays

1.REPEATED ACTIONS or DAILY ROUTINES, often with adverbs of frequency such as:
every day/week/month/yearI go to work every day.
usuallyHe usually wakes up early.
alwaysShe always helps me.
oftenThey often go to work by bus.
rarely/seldomWe rarely drive to work.
on Sundays etc.They go shopping on Sundays.
sometimesHe sometimes calls me in the morning.
2.PERMANENT STATES:He works in Bucharest.
3.GENERAL TRUTH:The sun sets in the west.
4.PROGRAMMES and TIMETABLES
(trains, buses etc.):
The train leaves at 6 o´clock tomorrow.
5.HEADLINES:  ”Flying cars finally prepare for take-off” (https://www.ft.com/)  
6.DECLARATIONS:  I bet you can help me!  
7.INSTRUCTIONS:  ”Preheat your good quality, non stick pan. Once it’s hot, lower the heat down to low-medium heat. Wait about two minutes.” (https://cafedelites.com/)  
8.ITINERARIES:  On the first day we visit the Eiffel Tower.  
9.SUMMARIES OF EVENTS:  At the end of the movie both girls realise that they are as good friends as the characters in the film.  
10.IN TEMPORAL AND CONDITIONAL CALUSES.

After words such as:

When
as soon as
until
till 


we use present.  if whether unless before etc.  

I will call you when I get home.
(Te voi suna când voi ajunge acasă.)  

She will tell you the truth if she meets you tomorrow.
(Îți va spune adevărul dacă te va întâlni mâine.)  

How often?

alwaysusuallyoftensomentimesrarely / seldomnever
100%80%50%30%10%0%

They go before the main verb:

  • He always does his homework.

They go after the verb ”to be:

  • He is often late.

They go after auxiliary verbs (can, do etc.):

  • I can rarely have breakfast early in the morning.
  • Mary doesn’t usually eat out on Saturdays.

The adverbs rarely, seldom, never have a negative meaning and they are never used with the word not.

  • He rarely gets up early in the morning.
  • They never listen to me!

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